Chapter 2

Stroke and Vascular Dementia

“Hippocrates, the father of medicine, first recognized stroke over 2400 years ago.” History of Stroke – John Hopkins Medical Health Library

Stroke is an old disease that is currently the second most common cause of death in the world with the most common being ischemic heart disease. The World Health Organization estimates that 6.7 million people died of stroke in 2012 as compared with 5.7 million in 2000186. This is a 17% increase in stroke deaths worldwide in 12 years. The primary reasons for the increase are that people are living longer and accumulating more aluminum. Worldwide the number of people over 60 grew by approximately 50% during this 12 year period. Strokes can result in either death or damage to the brain called vascular dementia. Currently an estimated 6.8 million Americans are living after having a stroke187. But 40% of those who have a stroke have serious long-term disability requiring special care and 15% die shortly after having the stroke188.

For details on stroke and vascular dementia in my book select the “Order Book” button on the home page